Definition of Monetary Central Banks

What are Money Center banks?

A money center bank is similar in structure to a standard bank; however, it involves borrowing and lending activity with governments, large companies, and ordinary banks. These types of financial institutions (or designated branches of these institutions) do not borrow or lend to consumers.

Key points to remember

  • A money center bank is similar in structure to a standard bank; however, it involves borrowing and lending activity with governments, large corporations and regular banks.
  • Four examples of large monetary central banks in the United States include Bank of America, Citi, JP Morgan and Wells Fargo, among others.
  • Most currency centers raise funds from domestic and international currency marks (instead of relying on depositors, like traditional banks).

Understanding Money Center Banks

Currency center banks are usually located in major economic centers such as London, Hong Kong, Tokyo, and New York. With their big balance sheetsthese banks are involved in national and international markets financial systems.

Monetary central banks and the 2008 financial crisis

Four examples of large monetary central banks in the United States include Bank of America, Citi, JP Morgan and Wells Fargo, among others. During the 2008 financial crisis, these banks had financial difficulties; however, the US Federal Reserve stepped in with three phases of quantitative easing (QE) and redeemed mortgages.

In 2004, homeownership in the United States peaked at 70%; during the last quarter of 2005, house prices began to fall, which led to a 40% decline in the US home construction index in 2006. At this point, subprime borrowers did not have were able to withstand the higher interest rates and started defaulting on their loans. . In 2007, several subprime lenders filed a request bankruptcy. This had a ripple effect throughout the financial services industry in the United States, of course, hitting many central banks hard.

During the period of quantitative easing, these financial institutions had a constant flow of liquidity, with which they were able to create new mortgages and loans, supporting the overall economic recovery.

Once the quantitative easing programs ended, many feared that monetary central banks could not grow organically without support. This is because the banks’ main sources of income were interest charges on loans and mortgages. However, the United States interest rate began to rise, and with them the monetary central banks net interest income also increased.

Monetary center banks and dividend income

Most currency centers raise funds from domestic and international currency marks (instead of relying on depositors, like traditional banks). the dividend yields of these institutions are enviable for some, who like to collect such titles for income.

The formula for calculating the dividend yield is as follows:





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Annual dividends per share




Price per share







displaystyle{= frac{text{Annual dividends per share}}{text{Price per share}}}



= Price per shareAnnual dividends per share

Estimated current year yields often use the previous year’s dividend yield or take the latest quarterly return, then multiply it by four (adjusting for seasonality) and divide it by the current stock price.

Quarterly rates of return are often annualized for comparison purposes. A stock or bond can earn 5% in the first quarter. We could annualize the return by multiplying 5% by the number of periods or quarters in a year. The investment would have a annualized return 20% because there are four quarters in a year or (5% * 4 = 20%).

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