Gender bender education: Why are we seeing more female teachers in Indian schools?


It is quite obvious that women are clearly over-represented in the teaching profession. According to data from the education department, more than 80% of all kindergarten to high school teachers are women.

The gender imbalance is most evident in elementary and middle schools, where more than two-thirds of teachers are women. But we ask why? Is this just a stereotype or are there reasons that go beyond just another case of cataloged roles?

Economics suggests that the most important contributing factor to the disparity has been the distortion of the pay scale. Although this imbalance has diminished to a large extent over time, many people still believe that teaching is not as lucrative as other professions.

Statistics and research indicate that male teachers are more prevalent in colleges and universities because the mindset is that teaching in these institutions is more prestigious and paid.

Moreover, in India, male teachers may not be so widely celebrated and respected because society is unable to free itself from the idea that a man is not safe.

Balancing work-life balance

A more important reason for this trend is that school hours make it easier for women to manage work and family. Thus, women who are ambitious and career-oriented and who wish to take on their household chores find teaching to be the most practical and valuable profession.

For many years, teaching was seen as comfortable and stable work with predictable tasks to accomplish. However, now that pedagogy is as disruptive as it is, teachers who are reluctant to change and relearn are unable to keep up.

(Photo: PTI)

With salaries and packages becoming more attractive, educated young men are also stepping in. Although women still outnumber men, the scenario is gradually but definitely changing.

Gender difference during teaching

Looking at another aspect of the situation, we consider the differences between the sexes. The relationship between gender and education has been a fascinating subject of study.

The impact of human nature and gender on a teacher’s effectiveness has surfaced with mixed results.

Male and female teachers may behave differently in the classroom, and students may respond to their teachers’ behaviors differently. But it is entirely possible that what appear to be gender differences are in fact different styles of teaching.

So, in essence, the influence of a teacher’s gender can be related to varied teaching styles. More like the intrinsic nature of a woman, female teachers are said to be more supportive, communicative, stimulating, easygoing and open towards students.

Communication difference

Male teachers, on the other hand, are presumed to be dominant, stimulating and rigorous, and to exercise greater control. However, this idea is only a perception and is not entirely true because men can also be just as caring and supportive facilitators.

There is indeed a certain difference in the teaching methods of male and female educators and this may be due to the fact that there are fundamental differences between the ways of communicating of a man and a woman, where the world of man focuses on competition, attitude and individuality. , a woman’s world focuses on intimacy, harmony and interdependence.

In fact, the male teacher segment is increasing with the changing times and psyches. In addition, with corrective pay scales, the industry will soon find a balance in the gender disparity and the number of men will be almost on par with women in the education sector.

– Article by Damayanti Bhattacharya, Principal of Jasudben ML School and Bloomingdales Pre-Primary

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