Paradox of Modern Western Education — IX]Renaissance, Enlightenment and Feminism
In this article, I do not intend to write a detailed chronology of a movement called “feminism”. But what I intend to do is to bring to the reader the reasons for such a movement which then influenced our minds, our education system and also our society as a whole.
At its core, feminism is the belief in full social, economic, and political equality for women. Feminists want to prove that the natural differences between men and women are not true. Women are perfectly capable of building a successful career as are men. The basic assumption shared by feminists is that gender divisions in society operate to the detriment of women.
Feminism was largely born in response to certain religious-cultural practices that restricted women’s rights in the West. For most of Western history, women were confined to the domestic sphere, while public life was reserved for men. In medieval Europe, women were denied the right to own property, study or participate in public life.
At the end of the 19th century in France, women used to cover their heads in public, and in some parts of Germany a husband still had the right to sell his wife. Even at the beginning of the 20th century, women could neither vote nor hold elected office in Europe. They were prevented from doing business without a male representative. be it father, brother, husband, legal agent or even son. Married women could not exercise control over their own children without their husband’s permission. In addition, women had little or no access to education and were excluded from most professions.
The deplorable condition of Western women can be understood by the fact that even the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which defined French citizenship after the French Revolution (1789), deliberately failed to address the legal status of women. women. On the other hand, emerging feminists produced long lists of brave and accomplished women and proclaimed that women would be the intellectual equals of men if they had equal access to education.
Now, feminist thought has taken on global manifestations and variations. It is now an active global movement in the form of various institutions committed to working on behalf of women’s rights and interests.