The foreign employment commission is responsible for training outgoing women
The government is preparing to provide pre-departure orientation training, which is mandatory for all migrant workers, to outgoing workers starting in the new fiscal year. So far, only private sector agencies have provided such training.
The Foreign Employment Board, the government agency responsible for the welfare of Nepalese migrant workers, including managing pre-departure training, said it was preparing to train female workers.
According to Rajan Prasad Shrestha, executive director of the Overseas Employment Council, the Council has drawn up a plan to organize a pre-departure orientation for female migrant workers.
“The council has already paid for the pre-departure training of migrant workers. But now the board is planning to organize such training themselves, ”Shrestha told the Post. “We are trying to implement the plan as a trial at first and see possible challenges we may face in the future.”
Pre-departure orientation training is compulsory for all Nepalese migrants going to work abroad. Through a two-day training, aspiring migrant workers receive useful information about the host country, its rules and regulations, traffic laws, labor law and local culture and traditions, among others. The training aims to make their stay in the workplace and in the host country safe and easy.
While male migrant workers have to pay for pre-departure orientation trainingg provided by private agencies, the council reimburses training costs of Rs700 paid by migrant workers.
“The board is responsible for preparing the program and guidelines for pre-departure training. We also develop the training manual and train the trainers. Therefore, the board can try to conduct the pre-departure orientation itself, ”said Shrestha. “We can ensure that women workers receive the best training, as high quality training can better protect migrant women workers, who are vulnerable to abuse and harassment in overseas employment. “
Pre-departure orientation training is considered one of the most important phases of labor migration. However, questions have been raised about the failure of training to prepare and protect migrant workers from the challenges they face in work destination countries.
In light of these concerns, the council recently improved the curriculum orientation training, making it country specific unlike in the past where all outgoing migrant workers followed the same module, regardless of the country to which they migrated.
The council aims to start providing pre-departure training for female migrant workers from the first quarter of the new fiscal year. She is already working on the management of the logistics necessary for the training.
“As we already have all of the guidelines, updated curricula and training modules, all we need now are trainers and space to conduct the training. We have a room, but we might need more space as the pre-departure trainings have to be organized separately for country specific migrants, ”said Shrestha. “We are also looking for more trainers. According to the updated curriculum, training should not only be delivered in the form of lectures, but also through audio-visual support.
The board secretariat board meeting on July 6 also approved the budget for this. According to Shrestha, the budget will be spent to pay the rent for the space and the salaries of the trainers.
Once preparations are complete, the council will issue a public notice asking migrant women to register for the training. However, the possibility of following orientation training with private agencies will always be open to them.
“The private sector can always organize pre-departure training for migrant workers. However, we will ask them to send women participants to the training conducted by the board. The option of reimbursement for female migrant workers will still be available if they choose to go to private agencies for guidance, ”Shrestha said. “Pre-departure counseling training will establish a long-term link between migrant women and the counseling, which will ensure their safety and provide them with immediate support whenever they need help.